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USE ANALYSIS OF GOLO AREA
HISTORICAL LAND USE ANALYSIS OF GOLO AREA USING FRANCISCAN CADASTRE WITH EMPHASIS ON POPULATED AREAS, FORESTS AND AGRICULTURAL LAND
Location: Ig, Slovenia
South of Ljubljana up in the hills there is a village called Golo. It is a big patch of terraced landscape on approximately 650 m above the sea level. It is the only still predominately agricultural area with views from above towards the city. The village of Golo is on a plateau with vast pastures and fields. Despite of pressure of city dwellers to move there the land is still predominately in agricultural use.
I was curious how the area looked like 200 years ago. Slovenia was then a part of the Austro-Hungarian empire. For tax purposes the whole empire was mapped with so called Franciscan cadastre. It gives us an accurate and credible look back in time. The cadastre was made from early 1800s and had one or two revisions until the end of the 18th century. I used the oldest available cadastre from the year 1825. Analysis showed some surprising results.
The urban areas (roads and buildings) as projected expanded from less than 1% in the start of 18th century to about 3% in 2012 of the area. The size of the forests increased from 53% in 1825 to 81% in 2012. Which means the area in the past was even more cultivated than today. The agricultural areas shrank from 46% of the territory in the 1825 to just 16% in 2012.
The reasons for this differences are complex. To draw the correct conclusions we would need more information on population data, field yield and local food production and consumption. With intense changes in urbanisation, technology, mobility and social structure in the last two hundred years it is impossible to say for certain. What we do have through this method is an accurate look back in the past.
#cartography & research project